Leaders of Iran

Wednesday, December 22, 2004

: "Biography of Ali Younesi, Minister of Intelligence

Name and Surname: Ali Younesi

Date of Birth: 1955

Place of Birth: Nahavand

Marital Status: Married

Education: Completed theological studies under tutelage of grand Aayatollahs such as Ayatollah Momen, Ayatollah Gilani, Ayatollah Saneie, Ayatollah Ahmad Mianji, Ayatollah Janati and a number of others, and philosophy under tutelage of Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi, Ayatollah Hassan-zadeh Amoli, Ayatollah Javadi Amoli and interpretation with Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi and Ayatollah Marefat.

In 1974, after successfully passing the three-stage exams of theological studies, he started the Fiqh with grand Ayatollahs Golpaygani, Meshgini, Haj Mirza Hashem Amoli, Vahid Khorasani and Yousef Saneie and received certificate of theological studies from the grand Ayatollah Meshgini and Ayatollah Momen in 1980. His Ijtihad was endorsed by the grand Ayatollah Saneie and he grand Ayatollah Gilani.

Alongside his Fiqh and theological studies, Younesi attended university, receiving BA in Education from the Faculty of Judiciary and Educational Sciences and an MA in political science with focus on national security in 1997

Record of Political Activism:

Hojatoleslam Younesi was attracted to political activities while living in his hometown of Nahavand and after the late Imam Khomeini was sent to exile he became actively involved in organizing revolutionary speeches of Ayatollah Qodoosi and martyr Heidari. He stepped up his anti-Shah activities after learning about Abouzar group and joining it. After the arrest of the key members of the group by SAVAK, the secret police of the Shah, he reorganized the group with the help of other activists.

After moving to the city of Qom, he became familiar with revolutionary cells and groups of the theological centers and in 1975 in order to evade arrest by SAVAK agents, he left Iran and moved to guerilla camps of Palestine and Lebanon and learned guerilla warfare from martyr Montazeri.

After returning to Iran, once again he was under pursuit of SAVAK agents for having resumed his political activities, distributing tracts, recruiting sympathizers and activists and delivering revolutionary speeches, especially the speech he delivered in the city of Khomein at the invitation of Ayatollah Pasandideh, to mark the 40th day of the passing away of Haj Mostafa Khomeini, son of the late Imam Khomeini. During the anti-Shah uprising, he was arrested in Nahavand in 1978 and was transferred to SAVAK headquarters of the city of Hamedan, after being severely tortured.

Executive and Management Record:

His responsibilities and posts after the victory of the 1979 Islamic revolution are as follows:

- Appointed Religious Judge of the 7-member Land Ceding Council of the city of Qom, with a decree by ayatollah Meshgini, 1980

- Appointed as Head of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran by the late Ayatollah Dr. Beheshti, appointed Religious Judge of Military Revolutionary Tribunals of the army by the High Judiciary Council, 1984

- Head of the Politico-Ideological Bureau of Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, while holding the portfolio of the Religious Judge of the Military Revolutionary Tribunals, 1982

- Collaboration with Hojatoleslam Rey-shahri in establishing the Information Ministry

- Active role and participation in designing and forming the Judiciary Organization of the Armed Forces of the country, 1986

- Appointed representative of the leadership to oversee the reconstruction of the Intelligence Unit of the army upon the order of Imam Khomeini and a decree by the president of the time, 1986

- Representative of the Acting Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces at the Intelligence Unit of the army, 1987

- Appointed Religious Judge of the Judicial Affairs of the Families of Martyrs by the leader, 1990

- Head of the Judiciary Organization of the armed forces of the country (his last post), and many other side missions and key responsibilities.


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