Leaders of Iran

Saturday, August 13, 2005

Karrubi�s National Confidence Party officially approved

Karrubi�s National Confidence Party officially approved: "Karrubi’s National Confidence Party officially approved
TEHRAN, Aug. 13 (MNA) -- The National Confidence Party’s application for a license to conduct political activities was officially approved by the Interior Ministry here on Saturday. Former Majlis speaker Mahdi Karrubi is the secretary general of the party.
Karrubi promised to establish the party after finishing in third place behind Expediency Council Chairman Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and former Tehran Mayor Mahmud Ahmadinejad in the first round of the presidential election held on June 17. The election was won by Ahmadinejad, who received a landslide victory in the runoff on June 24.

Esmaeil Gerami Moghaddam, the spokesman of the National Confidence Party, had previously announced that the party would receive official approval before the Khatami administration’s term office ended.

Karrubi also received a license to publish a newspaper with the same name."

Tuesday, June 07, 2005

CHN - Iranian Vice-President and Head of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), Hossein Mar'ashi Plans For Student Tours

CHN - Show News: "Planning for national holidays can promote domestic tours

The website of Iranian Students Scientific-Cultural Tourist Center was inaugurated on Monday at the presence of Iranian vice-president and head of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization, Hossein Marashi.

Tehran, 6 June (CHN)-- Iranian Vice-President and Head of Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), Hossein Mar'ashi, said yesterday that planning for national holidays can lead to the development of an organized system for domestic (student) tours.

Speaking at the inaugural ceremony of the website of Iranian Students Scientific-Cultural Tourist Center, he added that all the relevant organizations and departments should closely cooperate with ICHTO to establish cost-effective student tours.

Elaborating on the need for encouraging domestic tourism, Mar'ashi said that it should mainly aim to develop closer ties among various national ethnics.

"98 percent of the measures to be taken for promotion of tourism have been fulfilled by our predecessors. We just have to take care of the remaining two percent by coordinating related affairs and eliminating the shortages," he added.

Deputy Head of University Jihad for cultural affairs, Abdol-Hamid Ahmadi, said in the same ceremony that the main objective of the Iranian Students Scientific-Cultural Tourist Center is to concentrate on policy-making and coordinating cultural institutions involved in student tourism and relevant activities, identify historical, national and religious heritages and traditions in various fields.

Ahmadi said that tourist information on 17 provinces and 63 provincial towns are currently accessible on the website of Iranian Students Scientific-Cultural Tourist Center.

"Besides, the required data about 30 more provinces and 291 cities will soon be added to the website," he added.

Turning to various tourist projects expected to be implemented by the University Jihad Center, he said that a project aiming to introduce Isfahan's historical and cultural monuments will be completed in the current Iranian year (started March 20)."

Friday, June 03, 2005

Mohammad Nobakht on Carpet Exports

RFE/RL Iran Report: "Some industries have been hurt by the general economic downturn. Carpet exports, which are Iran’s second largest hard currency earner, earned $1 billion in 1997, down almost 45% from five years ago. Forecasts indicate earnings will be between $700-800 million in 1998. Parliamentarian Mohammad Nobakht blames the sales decline on over-production and reduced quality. Problems for the carpet industry are particularly serious because it employs approximately 2.3 million people.


Mohammad Reza Mir Tajeddini: Islamic propagation organizations to be merged - Irna

MP: Islamic propagation organizations to be merged - Irna: "MP: Islamic propagation organizations to be merged Tehran, May 8, IRNA
Deputy head of Majlis Cultural Commission and MP from Tabriz, Mohammad Reza Mir Tajeddini here Sunday announced that a draft is currently being drawn up in the Majlis for merging various Islamic propagation institutions and reorganizing their structures.

Speaking to reporters, he said that representatives from one of the religious propagation organizations will take part in the Cultural Commission's weekly meetings and their views will be used to draw up the draft.

"The Islamic Propagation Organization, Islamic Propagation Bureau of the Seminary, Endowment and Charity Organization, Headquarters in charge of the mosques affairs, Friday Prayer Headquarters and similar institutions will be merged.

"Once they are merged, a council to be named `supreme propagation council' will be formed. The council will be chaired by the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei," he added.

The MP noted that a new organization to be called, `endowment, Islamic propagation and charity organization' will soon be set up.

It will be headed by a cabinet member.

"The new organization will be administered by five deputies in charge of `cultural, artistic and promotional affairs', `organizing public affairs, religious bodies and charity affairs', `research and training', `endowment and development of mosques and religious centers' and `financial affairs and maintenance'."

Sunday, May 01, 2005

Mohammad Atrianfar in Toseh Mar. 9th, 2005,

Netiran>Articles>Politics>Elections>Rafsanjani Winning Hearts and Minds: "Date Added:Mar 12 2005 Print Version

Rafsanjani Winning Hearts and Minds

Toseh, Daily Newspaper, No. 1070, Mar. 9th, 2005, Page 10

Mohammad Atrianfar, a leading member of the Executives of Construction Party, says former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is winning support automatically. He says the nation has concluded that an experienced captain is needed to lead it out of the current impasse.
Following is the full text of Mohammad Atrianfar's interview with Toseh daily.

Q: Political parties and associations have accelerated their activities in recent years in a bid to make themselves further known but the Executives of Construction Party has not been so active. Why such an approach?
A: Response to this question needs information about the basis of a political party. The executives believe that Iran’s political structure has not yet understood “multipartism” although the Constitution defines tasks for political parties. Few are the groups to be referred to as parties and we can see only friendly reunions.

Q: So what is the reason behind the existence of the Executives of Construction Party?
A: From a pathological viewpoint, the groups presenting themselves as parties have yet to see the contents of a black box defining relations between our political system and parties. The executives were not from the very beginning forming any party. Under special circumstances, technocrats decided to play a role in the state affairs and they had to work under the aegis of a party in the light of the conditions of the time. In fact, Iran’s political system rewarded the executives of construction with the title of party. The executives swept the legislative election and everybody understood that the elite should not be barred from contribution to decision-making procedures. They reached their goals with the landmark victory in May 1997 of Mohammad Khatami.

Q: Members of this party say in their interviews with the newspapers that the Executives of Construction should let younger forces take the helm of affairs. Senior officials have reportedly opposed any activity of the executives. What is happening?
A: We have not officially got any message from the authorities but some of our outspoken members have been treated unfairly. We cannot take any action when we have no official warrant.

Q: Iran may be unfamiliar with parties but political groups have won votes in certain elections. How can the Executives of Construction Party remain accountable to the people when it halts its activities?
A: We should see what has taken place in the society. Real parties represent special segments of the society and other groups are not party. The Islamic Coalition Party, the Islamic Revolutionary Mujahideen Organization, the Islamic Iran Participation Front and the Executives of Construction are parties. The country has passed eight years of reformism and we have reached a three-dimensional outcome. One group, with traditionalist attitudes, is led by ICP and its like-minded groups, a second pragmatist one is commanded by IRMO while a third one has emerged with liberal views. IIPF and ECP represent this latest. We intend to press ahead with reforms and we cannot restrict reformism to a specific group.

Q: In the build-up to June’s presidential election, ECP seems to be in favor of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to get his job back. Can you tell us if Mr Rafsanjani would run for president?
A: Mr Rafsanjani behaves differently from other candidates. He does not represent a special group and he cannot contest any specific rival. Rafsanjani is intrinsically unwilling to stand in the election.

Q: Mr Rafsanjani has launched an exciting political atmosphere in the country and everybody is frustrated. Don’t you think that Mr Hashemi’s behavior is a disregard of the society?
A: I don’t think that Mr Rafsanjani has begun a political game. Specific conditions in the society constitute the reason behind the name of Mr Rafsanjani being bandied about in the press. The society has concluded that an experienced captain is desperately needed. Therefore, there is no political game and that is just an instinctive gesture. Mr Rafsanjani has made it clear that he would not throw his hat into the ring until the conditions require his presence. He will be of the same view for at least one and a half month. If there was any game, others could disturb it. I think that Mr Rafsanjani is winning a consensus without any real intention. The elite has accepted Mr Rafsanjani as the qualified candidate for the number two job.

Q: Why is the presence of Mr Rafsanjani tied to the conditions of the society?
A: Mr Rafsanjani maintains that radicalism should be checked in the society so that Iran can have dialogue with the world in a bid to create better living conditions for the people. But if radical groups take top posts in the country the nation would face potential threats. Mr Rafsanjani feels obliged to contribute to defending the identity of the Islamic establishment in Iran and his presence, to me, will be a sacrifice. Mr Rafsanjani says radicalism is managed by certain centers in the country and he calls for resistance against such attitude.

Q: President Mohammad Khatami had said his hands were tied and he did not enjoy pervasive authority while Mr Rafsanjani is expected to create major changes in the society. Do you think that Mr Rafsanjani is determined enough to get his post back and practice bigger authority?
A: Mr Rafsanjani has never been a footman and he will never be so. Nor was Mr Khatami. A president enjoys enough power and using this term is not good. The important point is that the president should take advantage of his authority and lead social affairs.

Q: During his two terms of presidency, Mr Rafsanjani picked his Cabinet members from all political factions. He chooses the best economic ministers but he is not very precise on political and security managers. Is Mr Rafsanjani of the same attitude?
A: After the Iraqi war, the country needed reconstruction and any president must have paid due attention to economic development. Mr Rafsanjani insisted on reconstruction but he did enough for social and political development. Needless to say, many infrastructures were founded under the presidency of Mr Rafsanjani. The head of the Expediency Council must now have a different view of the state affairs. A government should not wipe the past off its mind and the governments should rely on their predecessors.

Q: When Mr Rafsanjani was president the country did not witness enough political development and the state officials were not called to order. Under presidency of Mohammad Khatami, political development emerged and students dared to be critical of the president. How can Mr Rafsanjani adapt himself to the present conditions?
A: Radicalism should be controlled because of its instability. Any president should be accountable under the present circumstances and such a thing will take place. Mr Rafsanjani will definitely control radicalism.

Q: Mr Rafsanjani has yet to declare his intention to run for president. The rightist faction is nominating former foreign minister Ali Akbar Velayati wile the reformist may be in favor of former minister of education Mohammad Ali Najafi. What will you do if Mr Rafsanjani backs Velayati?
A: Such a probability will never occur. Mr Rafsanjani will defend anyone who is against radicalism and can bolster the policies for balancing the Islamic system. We are still in hibernation and we face restrictions. The ECP will not shift support for any other candidate than Rafsanjani but it does not mean inactivism.

Q: But other parties have chosen their favorite candidates to make necessary planning.
A: Yes, you are right. IIPF is in favor of former minister of higher education Mostafa Min and the League of Combatant Clerics backs former speaker of parliament Mehdi Karroubi. ECP supports Rafsanjani. In case the former president sits out, we may coalesce with reformists.

Q: Is ECP likely to defend Hassan Rohani?
A: Rohani has not announced his intention to stand in the election. We cannot field any nominee before they decide to run. If Moin is disqualified by the Guardian Council the IIPF will split.

Q: Does it mean a political impasse for reformism?
A: No, that is not so because the people are in favor of reforms. Reformism does not rely on merely its self-declared representatives. Those who introduced themselves as “developers” no longer repeat their pragmatic mottoes and they are moving towards reforms. The reform movement is still lively."

Mohammad Atrianfar, publisher of the reformist Shargh newspaper

Turkish Daily News - Confident Rafsanjani gets ready to run in Iran: "Powerbroker:Close aides say a Rafsanjani win is needed to check the power of hard-liners who since gaining control of parliament last year have questioned foreign investment deals, plundered state coffers for handouts and subsidies and taken a defiant stance on Iran's nuclear program.

"We're facing an extremist movement in Iran which is trying to gain power," said Rafsanjani backer Mohammad Atrianfar, publisher of the reformist Shargh newspaper. "What we're saying is we're facing a choice between good and bad.""

Saturday, April 16, 2005

Hossein Mar’ashi Hero of Iran teaching Respect for the Iranian culture

The Star Online: Lifestyle: "Respecting the Iranian culture

ONE of the most common complaints heard from non-Muslim tourists travelling in Iran is discomfort over the requirement for females above the age of eight to cover their heads.

While women are no longer required to conceal every single strand of hair – and many Iranian women, especially in Tehran, show more hair than they cover – every female still has to adhere strictly to the code.

Women must also not wear tight-fitting clothes and certainly not reveal anything more than their hands, face and maybe a little neck. Shoulders, upper arms, legs and, of course, the other parts of the body, are certainly no-nos.

However, tourists need not go overboard with the chador (similar to the tudung labuh) or the purdah (fully covered veil) unless they want to impress. These are now mainly worn by those from conservative backgrounds only.

The common perception is that women in Iran are all hidden away, living separate lives. The truth is more like this: this group of women are gleefully cheering on Laleh Seddigh, a woman race car driver who beat out the men to take the trophy at a race in Tehran stadium in January.--AFP photo
A few of the tour agents who were invited to Iran on a familiarisation tour recently called for tourists to be exempted from the rule, although this is unlikely to happen.

When asked what he thought of this suggestion, the Iranian vice-president and chairman of the Iran Cultural, Heritage of Tourism Organisation, Hossein Mar’ashi, said wearing a head covering was one way in which tourists could show respect for Iranian culture.

“When I visited Amritsar in India and entered the Golden Temple (the Sikh’s most revered temple), I was required to cover my head. It was done out of respect for local customs and laws,” he said.

He said it was acceptable for women to wear a hat instead of a scarf. “Any form of covering is all right, as long as the hair is covered,” he said.

Mar’ashi said the custom of covering the heads of females was not strictly Islamic, but more Persian. He said this was born out of the yearning to “protect women” and “ensure that due respect is accorded to them”.

This practice now has become an integral part of Iranian culture.

“For the visitor, I would say wearing the headscarf should be deemed to be part of your Iran experience,” he said."

His Execllency Hossein Mar’ashi in Malaysia - Targeting tourists to visit Iran

The Star Online: Lifestyle: "Targeting tourists to visit Iran

HOSSEIN Mar’ashi has what must be one of the most difficult jobs in the world.

One of eight vice-presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran, he is also chairman of the newly established Iran Cultural, Heritage and Tourism Organisation.

This means he has the task of attracting tourists to a country often portrayed as a cradle of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism.

Nevertheless, unfazed by such circumstances, he is confident that he will succeed.

“I don’t think there is any difficulty in promoting tourism in Iran,” he said to a group of Malaysian journalists who had accompanied several travel agents belonging to the Malaysian Chinese Tourism Association on a familiarisation tour of Iran recently.

Man with a hard job: Hossein Mar’ashi is trying to tempt tourists to visit Iran.
What is needed, he said, is more awareness and promotion.

He said the Iranian government is very serious about developing tourism and had allocated US$30mil (RM114mil) for the next five years for this purpose.

Advertising would be high on the list of priorities. Other things include increasing infrastructure for tourists and improving existing facilities.

He said as tourism had not been a priority in the past 25 years, many facilities had not been developed.

“We are trying to cater to three markets, namely the Muslim pilgrimage market, cultural tourism market and the eco-tourism market,” he said.

Currently, the largest number of tourists comes from Europe – mainly Germans and French – followed by those from Arab countries. Asian tourists, such as those from Japan and Malaysia, came in third while Iranians residing overseas form the fourth largest group of tourists.

He said Malaysians are among the people the Iranian government is targeting because of their “closeness in terms of culture and heritage”.

Farzad Nakhaie, manager of Tehran-based Rozhan Tour and Travel, the agency that handled the familiarisation tour, said he is particularly interested in getting Chinese Malaysians to travel to Iran.

“Many Muslim Malaysians are already coming to Iran. However, there are very few Chinese Malaysians,” he said. He has been handling in-bound tours from Malaysia for around four years.

However, both Mar’ashi and Nakhaie might find that there is still a lot of hard work ahead to capture this market, as feedback from those who went on the familiarisation tour showed.

Grace Soo, whose agent handles many Middle Eastern tours, said Iran was more of a niche-market destination. “I doubt we will be able to get masses of Chinese Malaysians heading this way,” she said.

Malacca-based Yau Yee Pay agreed, saying that Iran would probably appeal more to English-speaking tourists. “But I think there are enough attractions, and the food is interesting. These may give us reason to consider something, maybe in the future,” she said.

Rozhan Tour and Travel can be contacted at #6, Ground Floor, Negin Africa Tower, Africa Boulevard, Tehran, Iran; ++98-21-879 8485; fax ++98-21-877 0181; rozhantour.com. "

Wednesday, March 30, 2005


Arab women Playrights- Ruler's wives: "Faezeh HASHEMI BAHREMANI (RAFSANJANI) Iranian

Politician and Sportswoman

educated Al-Zahra University and Islamic Azad University (Tehran)
Member of Majlis e-Shura e Islami 1996-
member of Central Council of the Communications Network of Women's NGOs
Vice-President of National Olympic Committee 1990-
Founder and President of Islamic Countries Women Sports Solidarity Council 1991- which organized the Islamic Countries' Women Sports Solidarity Games in 1993 and 1997
published The First Meeting 1991
managing director of Zanan (a women's journal)
The International Who's Who of Women 3rd ed. Europa Publications: London, 2002 p.236

International Encyclopedia of Women and Sports ed. Karen Christensen et al. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2001 p.587



Monday, March 28, 2005

IT student's Weblog - 200 Billion Tomans Budget 4 IT Education! - Dr.Mohammad Baqer Nobakht

IT student's Weblog: "200 Billion Tomans Budget 4 IT Education!!!
Dr.Mohammad Baqer Nobakht,a member of the budget and Calculations Commission in the Majlis,noted,"In spite of limitation in financial resources,the goverment has agreed to a 15 percent increase in the budget of the Ministry of the Education,research and Technology,4 1382."
Nobakht added,"What distinguishes this minisrty from other sectors in the 1382 budget is the allocation of a notable sum,200 billion tomans ,to IT education."

# posted by fatemeh khodaee @ 12:00 AM "